Comparison of health related physical fitness in children with intellectual disability vs. typically developing children: A case control study; A Hypothesis

Vol 6 | Issue 1 | Jan - Dec 2020 | page: 13-15 | Ketaki Mandke, Apurv Shimpi, Suroshree Mitra

Author: Ketaki Mandke [1], Apurv Shimpi [1], Suroshree Mitra [1]

[1] Community Physiotherapy department, Sancheti Institute College of Physiotherapy, Thube Park, Shivaji Nagar, Pune, Maharashtra, India.
Institute at which research was conducted: Sancheti institute College of Physiotherapy, Thube park, Shivajinagar Pune 411005, Maharashtra.
University Affiliation of Thesis: Research hypothesis (synopsis) submitted for MPT registration to Maharashtra University of Health Sciences (MUHS), Nashik.
Year of Acceptance: 2020.

Address of Correspondence
Dr. Apurv Shimpi,
Sancheti Institute College of Physiotherapy, 12, Thube Park, Shivaji Nagar, Pune - 411005, Maharashtra.


Background: Health related physical fitness is a key indicator of health outcome. It is necessary to carry out day to day physical activity. Association between levels of physical activity and fitness is an indicator that lack of physical activity will lead to lower levels of physical fitness and vice a versa. In children population, it is been stated that daily needs of physical activity are not met as per the standards and the scenario appears to be worse for the population of children with intellectual disability. Attempts have been made to assess health related physical fitness of children with intellectual disabilities and comparisons have been made with their typically developing peers or more normal children, these children are more likely to be obese compared to typically developing children. But as most of these studies are carried out in the western countries there is a dearth of literature in understanding health related physical fitness of children with intellectual disability in India. 95% of children in India fall under the category of intellectually disabled. There is also a lack of nutrition in such special children. Present study hypothesized that there is a difference in health related physical fitness of children with intellectual disability versus their typically developing peers. 224 children will be recruited and divided among the case and the control group. Assessment will be done using the Brockport physical fitness test (BPFT) battery. Statistical analysis will be done using unpaired t test.
Clinical importance: Knowing the differences in the physical fitness levels of intellectually disabled and typically developing children will help in targeting the population with lower levels of fitness by planning out specific group activities.
Future directions: On the basis of the assessment an exercise protocol can be planned to improve overall physical activity levels and health.
Keywords: Physical fitness, special children, disabilities, intellectual, learning.


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How to Cite this Article: Mandke K, Shimpi A, Mitra S. Comparison of health related physical fitness in children with intellectual disa-bility vs. typically developing children: A case-control study; A hypothesis. Journal Medical Thesis 2020 Jan-Dec ; 6(1):13-15.

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